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Spectrum licences

A spectrum licence lets you operate a range of radiocommunications devices. You can only operate in the area and frequency range your licence allows.

What a spectrum licence lets you do

A spectrum licence lets you use a range of radiocommunications devices in a specific:

  • geographic area
  • frequency band.

Spectrum licences may be valid for up to 15 years.

We usually auction spectrum licences. Organisations consider them assets and can trade a spectrum licence.

Spectrum licences are different to:

How we give spectrum licences

We may give spectrum licences by:

  • auction
  • tender
  • set price
  • negotiation.

We usually auction spectrum licences because demand exceeds supply. Auctions are also a simple, fair and transparent way to allocate spectrum.

We may use these auction methods:

  • simple clock auction
  • simultaneous multi-round ascending auction
  • enhanced simultaneous multi-round ascending auction.

We may also use other auction methods. The method we choose depends on the spectrum we will auction.

When we plan an auction we will:

  • publish a Notice to invite applications
  • publish an applicant pack and other information on our website
  • announce the auction via our ebulletin.

Find out more about spectrum auctions.

Rules for spectrum licences

If we give you a spectrum licence, you can decide if you will or won’t use it before it expires.

We don’t generally restrict the:

  • technology you can use
  • service you provide.

But we do restrict the maximum power your devices can give out.

These limits protect other licence holders that use spectrum near you.


Your licence will say the restrictions that apply to you. 

If we give you a spectrum licence you must register every transmitter you plan to use, unless it is exempt.

The Radiocommunications Act 1992 (the Act) sets out the rules for spectrum licences.

You must know your obligations when we give you a spectrum licence.

Licence period

We give spectrum licences for up to 15 years. They do not renew automatically.

Two years before your licence will expire, we will write to you and ask if you wish to renew it.

We will then decide if we will reissue the licence, or allocate the frequency band for other purposes.

We will tell you our decision, and let the public know that the licence will expire soon.

We may do this through:

  • our website
  • our offices
  • the Commonwealth Gazette.

People who want a spectrum licence can register their interest in response to our invitation (notice).

Why we may suspend or cancel your spectrum licence

We may suspend your spectrum licence if you or someone who uses your licence:

  • breaks the rules
  • uses a device in an illegal way
  • uses a device to break the law.

If we decide to suspend your licence, we will write to you and explain why.

A suspension lasts for 28 days unless we take legal action or cancel the suspension.

Other people who are affected by your actions may also take legal action.

If we cancel your spectrum licence, you can ask us to review the decision.

You can only use your licence again if we agree.


Fees help us cover the cost to manage spectrum.

There are 3 types of fees for spectrum licences:

  1. spectrum access charges: what you pay to get a spectrum licence
  2. spectrum licence taxes: a yearly tax to cover the cost to manage spectrum
  3. service charges: fees for certain services.

There may be other fees, such as a fee to take part in an auction.

Band specific access charge determinations

You must pay your licence fees to keep your spectrum licence.

Find out more about spectrum licence taxes.

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