The 1.9 GHz Band Plan was made in 1996 to facilitate the introduction of cordless telecommunications services (for example cordless phones such as those using DECT technologies) in the 1880-1900 MHz band. For more information see 1.9 GHz (1880-1900 MHz) spectrum arrangements.
The text of the 1.9 GHz Band Plan, as made in 1996, along with explanatory information prepared at the time is below.
I, CHRISTINE MARY GOODE, Spectrum Manager, acting on behalf of the Spectrum Management Agency, prepare the following frequency band plan under subsection 32 (1) of the Radiocommunications Act 1992.
Dated 8 March 1996.
CHRISTINE M. GOODE
Table of provisions
- Purpose of the 1.9 GHz Band
- Status of allocations
- General information about the 1.9 GHz Band Plan
- Table of variations
1. This frequency band plan for the 1880 - 1900 MHz Band may be cited as the 1.9 GHz Band Plan.
[NOTE: This frequency band plan commences on gazettal: see Acts Interpretation Act 1901, ss. 46A and 48.]
2. (1) In this frequency band plan, unless the contrary intention appears:
"1.9 GHz Band" means the frequency band greater than 1880 MHz and not exceeding 1900 MHz
"frequency band" has the same meaning as in the Act.
(2) Subject to subclause (1), if an expression used in this frequency band plan is defined in:
- the Radiocommunications Act 1992 or
- the Australian Radiofrequency Spectrum Plan or
- the Radiocommunications Regulations or
- Radiocommunications (Definitions) Determination No. 2 of 1993
the expression has the same meaning in this frequency band plan as in that Act, that Plan, those Regulations or that Determination, as the case requires.
Purpose of the 1.9 GHz Band
3. The 1.9 GHz Band may only be used for the purpose of providing the following services:
- mobile services between mobile stations and land stations
- fixed services between a land station and 2 or more associated land stations (also known as point to multipoint services)
- fixed services between 2 specified fixed stations (also known as point to point fixed services) that are authorised to be provided in the 1.9 GHz Band under a licence in force on the day on which this frequency band plan commences.
[NOTE: It is anticipated that the services specified in paragraphs 3 (a) and 3 (b) will be cordless telecommunications services, and that the equipment used to provide those services will be required to comply with standards specified by the SMA in accordance with the Radiocommunications Act 1992.]
Status of allocations
4. For the purposes of the Australian Radiofrequency Spectrum Plan, the services referred to in clause 3 are primary services.
General information about the 1.9 GHz band plan
1. This section describes the intention of the 1.9 GHz Band Plan (which applies to the frequency range 1880-1900 MHz) and the approach adopted for its implementation. It also provides information on the national and international framework within which the Band Plan was developed.
2. The primary purpose of the 1.9 GHz Band Plan ("the Band Plan") is to facilitate the introduction in Australia of new systems known generally as cordless telecommunications services ("CTS"). By not specifying particular CTS systems, the Band Plan supports the competitive philosophy of technology neutrality. The Band Plan also provides for the continuing operation of existing point to point fixed services (i.e., fixed links) in the band.
3. CTS systems can serve a number of low power short range mobile telecommunications applications including public access cordless telecommunications services ("PACTS"), wireless PABX and domestic cordless telephone services. Other applications include wireless LAN and wireless local loop ("WLL") which may generally be regarded as point to multipoint fixed services. So as not to hinder opportunities for this wide range of potential applications to be developed, the allocations in the Band Plan specifying the purposes for the band are kept as broad as possible (i.e., the "mobile" and "point to multipoint fixed" services are prescribed, under which CTS systems may operate in accordance with standards to be specified by the SMA). Each of these applications presents different interference considerations, and thus they need to be individually considered for approval to access spectrum. In addition, compliance and licensing requirements, and any applicable equipment standards, are part of the overall interference management framework which will govern the allocation of licences in the band.
Arrangements for fixed services
4. The 1.9 GHz band is currently used by fixed link systems and is contained within an overlap between two fixed service bands known as the 1.8 GHz and 2.1 GHz bands. The SMA has in place channelling arrangements for the fixed services in these bands which are in line with relevant International Telecommunication Union Recommendations. In December 1990, to allow for the possible introduction of CTS for which a new technology (the digital European cordless telecommunications ("DECT") system) was then being developed, an Australia-wide embargo was introduced on the further licensing of fixed services the emissions from which would intrude into the 1880-1990 MHz band.
CTS demand and industry consultation
5. The 1993 AUSTEL Report on Wireless Personal Communications Services supported the introduction of DECT and, following expressions of interest from equipment suppliers in the technology, the SMA in 1994 asked its radiocommunications consultative council ("RCC") to consider and advise the SMA on, inter alia, the AUSTEL recommendations regarding DECT. The RCC, with SMA participation, concluded that planning for DECT and other compatible CTS technologies could commence, on the basis of initially sharing spectrum with existing fixed links. Growth of CTS should be monitored to assess the future need to clear fixed links. It was further concluded that, for the time being, no other bands should be considered for CTS.
6. In line with these decisions, the Band Plan provides that the 1880-1900 MHz band may be used for CTS (under either the mobile service or point to multipoint fixed service types) and existing point to point fixed services. Accordingly, the Band Plan reflects the following planning principles:
As CTS does not have exclusive spectrum access, it is necessary to manage interference between CTS and the fixed link systems already using the band. In order for this co-ordination to be done, licensing control over the location of CTS base transmitters is required: this may limit the market for some CTS applications such as domestic home use.
No further licences for new fixed links in the band will be issued.
CTS equipment must comply with any Standards specified by the SMA. The SMA will initially specify the DECT standard (as adopted by AUSTEL in AUSTEL Technical Standard TS 028) for CTS equipment used in this band. The SMA will consider other standards if it is demonstrated that their use would not degrade the performance of CTS systems already specified for use in the band.
Should a demand for extensive CTS use of the band be clearly demonstrated in due course, a policy on clearance of fixed link systems may be considered by a future Band Plan review.
7. Sharing of the band by CTS and fixed link systems on a co-ordinated geographic basis is possible due to a number of factors, primarily the low effective radiated power of the CTS and the highly directional characteristic of the fixed link antennas. However, there will be areas in which CTS systems cannot be operated due to the potential for interference to or from fixed links. Special co-ordination procedures will apply to the licensing of CTS in this band to ensure that mutual interference with fixed links in the 1880-1900 MHz band and adjacent spectrum does not occur.
Table of variations
1. The 1.9 GHz Band Plan was notified in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette on 14 March 1996.