This page should be read in conjunction with the general information on compliance and labelling requirements available on the Supplying products in Australia page.
Electrical lighting products include incandescent lamps, luminaires, LED lighting, ferro-magnetic (fluorescent lighting) and electronic ballasts that connect to low voltage mains electricity supply or battery operated products.
EMC regulatory arrangements
A supplier of electrical lighting products has obligations under the ACMA electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) regulatory arrangements.
The obligations for all electrical and electronic products (including lighting products) are detailed in the Radiocommunications Labelling (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Notice 2008 (the EMC LN).
The objective of the arrangements is to minimise the risk of unintentional electromagnetic interference from products which may affect the performance of other electrical products or disrupt radiocommunications services. The EMC regulatory arrangements place limits on the level of both radiated and conducted emissions from lighting equipment that has a primary function of generating or distributing light intended for illumination purposes.
Electrical lighting products (other than low-risk devices) that are supplied in Australia must be labelled with the Regulatory Compliance Mark (RCM). Labelling of low-risk devices is optional.
The Australian EMC regulatory arrangements recognise a number of domestic and international standards for EMC and are harmonised with similar arrangements that apply in New Zealand under the Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Arrangement (TTMRA).
The mandatory standard for lighting is AS/NZS CISPR 15; the ACMA also recognises equivalent international standards CISPR 15 and EN 55015.
Risk levels/compliance levels
The EMC LN recognises three risk levels in relation to a device:
An explanation of each device risk level is available on the device compliance levels page.
Each risk level corresponds to a compliance level. The compliance level specifies the evidence a supplier must obtain to demonstrate the product complies with the applicable technical standard, the compliance records that must be kept, and the product labelling requirements.
While most lighting products must meet the requirements at compliance level 2, some products including incandescent lights and battery powered lighting are low-risk and need only meet the requirements of compliance level 1.
For all EMC Compliance level 1 – low-risk devices, application of the compliance label is voluntary. Regardless of whether a supplier chooses to label a low-risk device, compliance documentation must be maintained.
Specific EMC issues for luminaires
Emergency lighting is a lighting product that uses an alternative power source in an emergency configuration. It should be tested in both the mains on mode and the emergency (mains off) mode of operation.
Changes to existing luminaires
Some changes made to an existing luminaire, such as the change of light source from incandescent to LED, will affect the emissions from the product. In these circumstances, unless it is a variant, the product is regarded as a new product and will require re-testing.
Other changes that must be considered include:
removal of power factor correction capacitor
inclusion of a blocking inductor into the luminaire circuit
introduction of an electronic ballast
re-configuration of the luminaire wiring layout
introduction of an emergency conversion pack.
A variant means a version of a device that is not identical to the original device but is not sufficiently different from the original device to affect the application to that version of a standard that applies to the original device.
LED lighting products
The following lighting products are medium-risk items and are subject to the requirements of Compliance level 2:
extra low voltage MR-16 configuration LED lamps*
self-ballasted LED lamps
self-ballasted compact fluorescent lamps
electronic converters for filament lamps or LEDs and luminaires containing these types of lighting.
* Items intended to replace halogen or fluorescent lamps.
Devices that are 'Group 2 ISM equipment' as defined in AS/NZS CISPR 11:2004 (2nd edition), regardless of the fact that they may be lighting products, are high-risk EMC devices and are subject to the requirements of Compliance level 3. The requirements for high-risk devices are the same as medium-risk devices except the test report must be from an accredited testing body. In addition, the EMC test report for a compliance level 3 lighting product must be to AS/NZS CISPR 11, or the equivalent international standards CISPR 11 and EN 55011.
A complex assembly is defined as a product that is supplied in a configuration that contains two or more component devices and does not form part of a larger device. A complex assembly must meet the applicable standard if sold separately on the Australian market. Examples of a complex assembly include the following:
gear trays (a mechanical/electrical sub-assembly that includes the ballast and wiring to lamp holders)
dimmers, sensors and other light regulating devices
Advice for suppliers on equipment compliance and labelling is available on the ACMA website.
If you have any questions about the regulatory arrangements, please contact the ACMA's Customer Service Centre on 1300 850 115 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Please note: this page is intended as a guide only and should not be relied on as legal advice or regarded as a substitute for legal advice in individual cases.