Land mobile two-way radios | ACMA

Land mobile two-way radios

This page should be read in conjunction with the general information on compliance and labelling requirements available on the Supplying products in Australia page.

All analogue and digitally modulated two-way radios (including hand-held, vehicle mounted or base station transceivers) must operate in the following Australian land mobile, VHF and/or UHF frequency bands:

  • 148–174 MHz, and/or
  • 403 MHz–420 MHz, and/or
  • 450 MHz–520 MHz.

Land mobile radios operating in these bands are subject to the following:

  • Radiocommunications regulatory arrangements
  • Electromagnetic energy (EME) regulatory arrangements.

Radiocommunications regulatory arrangements

The obligations for all radiocommunications devices are detailed in the Radiocommunications (Compliance Labelling – Devices) Notice 2014 (the RLN).

Radiocommunications standards

Analogue modulated
A supplier of an analogue modulated land mobile radio must ensure the device complies with the Radiocommunications (Analogue Speech (Angle Modulated) Equipment) Standard 2014.

If the radio is also capable of operating in the Australian UHF CB bands (476.425 MHz–477.4125 MHz), or if it is a CB radio only, it must comply with the Radiocommunications (UHF CB Radio Equipment) Standard 2011 (No.1).

Digitally modulated
There is no applicable mandatory radiocommunications standard for digital land mobile radio equipment. However, the operation of digital land mobile radio equipment must be in accordance with the applicable radiocommunications licence.

Analogue and digitally modulated
A supplier of a radio that is capable of operating in both analogue and digital modulation must comply with the requirements for analogue modulation techniques as indicated above. 

EME regulatory arrangements

The EME regulatory arrangements for mobile and portable products set exposure limits for emissions from radiocommunications transmitters with integral antennas before the products can be supplied to the Australian market. The obligations are detailed in the:

The Human Exposure Standard adopts the exposure limits set by the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) in its Radiation Protection Standard for Maximum exposure Levels to Radiofrequency Fields, 3 kHz–300 GHz (2002) (the ARPANSA Standard).

If a particular device is capable of operation in simultaneous multi-band transmission mode, EME/specific absorption rate (SAR) testing must be conducted in this mode.

Land mobile radios with non-integral (to the transmitter/s) antennas—each installation must comply with the EME compliance requirements in the Radiocommunications Licence Conditions (Apparatus Licence) Determination 2015 (LCD). Refer to part 3, Operation of transmitters—electromagnetic radiation requirements.

Radiocommunications licensing requirements

All radiocommunications transceivers must be operated in Australia under the authority and in accordance with the requirements of a radiocommunications licence issued by the ACMA.

The Radiocommunications (Citizen Band Radio Stations) Class Licence 2015 authorises the operation of transceivers in the UHF CB bands. Provided the transceivers are operated in accordance with this licence, individual licensing is not required.

Analogue and digitally modulated transceivers that operate in the Australian VHF and/or UHF land mobile bands, must be authorised under a radiocommunications apparatus licence, or licenses issued by the ACMA. A licence is required for each channel the VHF and/or UHF transceivers will operate on and may be restricted to a particular geographic area. To apply for an appropriate licence/s, complete the Form - Application for Land Mobile apparatus licence.

More information

Advice for suppliers on equipment compliance and labelling is available on the ACMA website.

Information for suppliers on renting or selling two-way radios that are pre-programmed to designated land mobile frequency bands is available on the ACMA website.

If you have any questions about the regulatory arrangements, please contact the ACMA's Customer Service Centre on 1300 850 115 or

Please note: this page is intended as a guide only and should not be relied on as legal advice or regarded as a substitute for legal advice in individual cases.

Last updated: 03 February 2016