Amateur radio operators should be aware that the conditions of their
licences also cover the use of an Amateur Internet Linking System (AILS).
This fact sheet is a guide to the regulatory requirements applying to
What is an amateur internet linking system (AILS)?
An AILS connects amateur operators in Australia and overseas using the
Amateur operators can connect to an AILS through an amateur station or by
other means, such as a computer with internet access.
There are many examples of AILS, including iLink and IRLP (Internet Repeater
What regulatory requirements apply to the use of these systems?
Amateur operators, including those operating an AILS, are personally
responsible for the operation of stations under their control or stations to
which their amateur licence relates.
When connecting to an AILS, they should be aware that they must comply with
legislative requirements, including the requirements set out in the:
Amateur licences are apparatus licences, a type of radiocommunications
licence. AILS operations, like all amateur activities, must comply with
regulatory arrangements established by the ACMA under the
Act, particularly sections 107 and 108, which detail the conditions of
The Act does not apply if the internet is used to link a computer in
Australia with an amateur station in another country and radiocommunications
transmissions do not occur in Australia. In these circumstances, the activity
is outside the regulatory scope of the ACMA.
Apparatus licence determination
The Apparatus LCD applies to all apparatus licences,
including amateur licences, and AILS users must comply with its conditions.
Amateur licence determination
The Amateur LCD sets out detailed arrangements applying
to all amateur licences. Sections 5, 11, 11A and 11B are particularly relevant
to AILS operation.
Section 5: Communication by an amateur station
Amateurs are granted certain operating privileges by their amateur licence,
which reflects their level of qualification. An AILS must not be used to extend
an amateur's operating privileges in Australia or overseas.
Licensees of Australian amateur stations linked with other amateur stations
are responsible for all transmissions through their station. When linking with
stations in overseas countries, although third party traffic is generally
permitted, licensees should respect any restrictions applied to amateur
stations in foreign countries (see Section 5, including the Note, of the
Amateur LCD). Third party traffic is discussed in more detail in the
information paper on the ACMA
Restriction on connection to a public telecommunications network (Section
11, 11A and 11B)
The interlinking of amateur stations using the internet is not prohibited by
the Amateur Licence Determination provided non-amateurs cannot gain
access to operate the amateur stations involved. When this requirement
is satisfied, the internet connection is equivalent to a private line. AILS
users must hold a current amateur licence and communications must be isolated
from the general public through the use of software, hardware and operational
The regulatory framework governs actual behaviour 'on air' by amateur
operators rather than prospective behaviour. For this reason, the ACMA will not
approve a particular AILS for operation on the basis of demonstrations or
documentation. Design flaws, operational limitations and other problems may
only become apparent during operation, and may result from the level of
experience of the operator, system modifications (such as software or hardware
upgrades) or malicious attack ('hacking').
The ACMA has fact sheets
on a range of topics.
Please note: this document is intended as a guide only and should not be
relied on as legal advice or regarded as a substitute for legal advice in